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Diabetes

Diabetes Diet Program

Diabetes Food Pyramid for a healthy life

Diabetic Recipes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes—is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes: results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)
Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)
Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
Other forms of diabetes mellitus include congenital diabetes, which is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several forms of monogenic diabetes.

All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became available in 1921, and type 2 diabetes may be controlled with medications. Both type 1 and 2 are chronic conditions that usually cannot be cured. Pancreas transplants have been tried with limited success in type 1 DM; gastric bypass surgery has been successful in many with morbid obesity and type 2 DM. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after delivery. Diabetes without proper treatments can cause many complications. Acute complications include hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage. Adequate treatment of diabetes is thus important, as well as blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as smoking cessation and maintaining a healthy body weight.

As of 2000 at least 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, or 2.8% of the population.[2] Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common, affecting 90 to 95% of the U.S. diabetes population.[3]

 

dealing with diabetes
diabetes-symptoms
diabetes

Diabetes patient are vulnerable to a variety of complications like blood vessels disease, heart disease, stroke, eye disease etc. Thus, having diabetes means that one should take a closer look on their health in general. The essence of good diabetes management includes regular blood glucose monitoring , physical exercise and good nutrition.
Blood Glucose Monitoring
The best tool to keep diabetes in control is monitoring blood glucose level in the body. Frequent testing and good record-keeping give the most accurate possible picture of diabetes control. Self-monitoring of blood glucose or "SMBG" is the process of monitoring one's own blood glucose with a glucose meter.

SMBG also measured precisely the effects of exercise, diet and diet medication on blood glucose levels. At the same time, diabetes patient himself can respond to an elevation in blood glucose level therefore giving them a sense of control over their diabetes status.

Diabetes studies have shown that keeping blood glucose levels close to normal as possible by ensuring adequate and optimal control of blood sugar levels able to reduce the incidence of diabetes complications.

Physical Exercise
Exercise plus a good diet control helps in controlling diabetes. Beside burning calories, improving the body's response to the hormone insulin, a regular exercise plan will make oral diabetes medications and insulin more effective and directly help control blood sugar levels. Frequent exercise also helps in lowering fat and cholesterol levels in bloods thus reducing some risk factors for heart disease.

For an inactive person, walking will be a great exercise. Walk for about 20 minutes, three to four times a week, and increase he distance or speed of walks gradually. Avoid doing strenuous exercise especially for those on oral drugs and insulin as it can cause dangerous low blood sugar. Though exercise is highly beneficial to patients with diabetes, special precautions are necessary for those who have diabetes complications.

Bear in mind that each individual has his or her own metabolic response to exercise. An exercise program should be started slowly and with the advice of a doctor.

Good Nutrition
Learning about some nutrition facts (refer Diabetic Food) is important for diabetes patients. A proper meal helps in maintaining a desirable weight for diabetes patient. Many people with diabetes can control their blood sugar by losing weight and keeping it off. Not only that, proper meal planning may prevent heart and blood vessel diseases that tend to occur in people with diabetes.

There is no one standard diet plan (refer Diabetic Diet and Diet Guidelines). A nutritionist or dietitian will make a recommendation based on individual nutritional needs, lifestyle and the action and timing of medications. Dietary restriction can't be avoided. Food which is high in fat, high sodium, alcohol, refined and simple carbohydrates should be avoided by diabetes patient. Need not worried. Dietitian can recommend a diet not only is healthy, but,  interesting and delicious for you. Whenever possible, a dietitian will perform a nutritional assessment and educate the patient about the importance of balanced meals and snacks with consistent carbohydrate content, not to mentioned consumed at consistent times of the day.

 

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